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Denumire Matacina (Zitronenmelisse )
Denumirea in latina Melissa officinalis L.
Familia Labiatae
Lamiaceae
Tari de provenienta Zona mediteraneana, S Europei, Asia Mica, CSI, Germania, N Africii.
Gust Placut, aduce a lamaie, amar, aromat.
Forma de intrebuintare Se folosesc frunzele culese inainte de inflorire, proaspete sau uscate.
Aspect Frunzele au forma de ou, cu margine zimtata, lungi de 8 cm, late de 5 cm, cu puf pe fata, lucioase pe dos.
Substante componente In planta proaspata 0,05-0,15 % ulei eteric, cu urmatoarea componenta
mircen 0.1%
cis-ocimen 0.3%
trans-ocimen 3.1%
3-octanon 0.1%
6-metil-5-hepten-2-on 0.3%
cis-rosoxid 0.1%
trans-rosoxid 0.05%
3-octanol 0.1%
1-octen-3-ol 0.7%
citronelal 36.2%
alfa-copaen 0.5%
izogeranial 0.2%
beta-burbonen 0.2%
linalool 0.2%
beta-cubebina 0.3%
metilcitronelat 4.9%
izopulego 0.9%
beta-elemen 0.4%
beta-cariofilina 10.9%
(E)-beta-farnesen 0.3%
alfa-humulen 1.0%
neral 4.4%

metigeranat 0.4%
gemacren D 13.5%
alfa-muurolen 0.3%
geranial 7.6%
biciclogermacren 0.1%
(3,E), (6,E,)-alf-farnesen 0.5%
geranilacetat 0.1%
delta-cadinen 1.8%
citronelol 1.0%
gama-cadinen 0.1%
nerol 0.3%
geraniol 0.8%
beta-cariofilina-epoxid I 0.1%
beta-cariofilina-epoxid II 0.5%
germacra-1 (10)E, (SE)-dien-4-ol 2.9%
T-cadinol 0.3%
T-muurolol 0.5%
delta-cadinol 0.2%
alfa-cadinol 1.5%
acid citronelic 0.3%

Alte substante componente sunt: flavonoizi, tanin, substante amare, rasini, precum si acizi organici. A doua recolta are un continut mai ridicat de ulei eteric.
Intrebuintare Carne, peste, sosuri, vanat, ciuperci, supe, in loc de suc de lamaie, lichioruri, salate, castraveti.
Particularitati Se foloseste in medicina naturista, scade nivelul colesterolului, impotriva herpesului, calmeaza, stimuleaza digestia.
Bibliografie (1) Dorner, W. G.: Die Melisse
(2) Lawrence, B. M.: Progress in essential oils
(3) Dawson, B. S. W.: Essential oil of Melissa officinalis
(4) Schultze, W.: Die Melisse. Duennschichtchromatographische Untersuchung des aetherischen Oeles
 

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